Most Sikhs have the middle name of Singh (male) or Kaur (female). Singh means “Lion” and is used as a symbol of courage. It was adopted by Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. Kaur means “Princess” and was introduced at the same time as Singh to highlight the equality of women in Sikh society. Traditionally, the names were only given to Khalsa Sikhs (those who have been baptised) but now it is common to be given the names at birth.
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